Chair announcements

(This advice is available as a PDF file - see 'Files' below:-)


Chair Umpires should announce matches in English and/or local language. In all team competitions the name of the country or team should be used.

1 Warm-up

• “Three minutes” - three (3) minutes until warm-up ends

• “Two minutes” - two (2) minutes until warm-up ends

• “One minute” - one (1) minute until warm-up ends

• “Time, prepare to play” - end of warm-up, direct balls to server’s end of court

• “______ to serve, play” - immediately prior to server preparing to serve

2 Player introductions

a If the introduction of players is to be made by the Chair Umpire, then after the “One minute” announcement, say:

• “This is a ______ round singles/doubles match, best of three/five tiebreak sets. To the left of the chair ______, and to the right of the chair

______. ______ won the toss and chose/elected to ______.

• “This is a ______ round doubles match. This match will consist of two tie-break sets with No-Ad scoring. At one set all, a ten-point match tiebreak

will be played to decide the match.

b If the introduction of players is made by another announcer, then during the warm-up say:

• “______ won the toss and chose/elected to ______.

3 Crowd control

The spectators should always be addressed respectfully with statements (preferably in the local language) similar to the following:

• “Quiet please, thank you

• “Please be seated, thank you

• “Seats quickly, please

• “As a courtesy to both players...

• “No flash photography, please

4 Score

a The server’s score is always called first, except in the tie-break.

b The score is announced:

• “Fifteen-Love, Love-Fifteen, Thirty-Love, Love-Thirty, Forty-Love, Love-Forty, Fifteen-All, Fifteen-Thirty, Thirty-Fifteen, Fifteen-Forty, Forty-

Fifteen, Thirty-All, Forty-Thirty, Thirty-Forty, Deuce (never Forty-All), Advantage, Game

c If the No-Ad Scoring System is used, the announcement after deuce is:

• “Deciding point, receiver’s choice

d The score should be announced loudly and clearly when a point is finished. The announcement should be made quickly and before writing the score on

the scorecard unless circumstances are such that a delayed announcement would be more effective.

e At the end of a game or set the Chair Umpire, in addition to “Game “, should announce the score in games in conformity with the following examples:

• “Game Smith, he/she or Jones leads 4-2, first set” or

• “Game Smith, 3 games all, first set” or

• “Game and third set Smith, 7 games to 5. Jones leads 2 sets to 1

If there is a scoreboard visible to the spectators, then the set score need not be mentioned.

At the beginning of each set the Chair Umpire may announce:

• “Second Set, Smith to serve

f When a set reaches the tie-break, announce:

• “Game Smith, 6 games all. Tie-break

Before the start of a match tie-break, announce:

• “Ladies and Gentlemen, a ten-point match tie-break will now be played to decide this match.

g During the tie-break, the score is announced by first giving the score and then the name of the player who is leading:

• “1-0 Jones” or “1-0 Jones/Smith

• “1-All

• “2-1 Smith

Use “Zero” rather than “Love” in the tie-break.

At the conclusion of the tie-break, announce:

• “Game and set, 7-6

h At the conclusion of the match, announce the winner:

• “Game, set and match Smith, (3 sets to 2), 6-4,1-6,7-6,4-6,6-2

In each set, call first the number of games won by the winner of the match.

5 Code of Conduct

a Violations of the Point Penalty Schedule of the Code shall be announced in accordance with the following examples:

• “Code Violation, Delay of Game, Warning, Mr/Ms______

• “Code Violation, Racquet Abuse, Point Penalty, Mr/Ms ______

• “Code Violation, Verbal Abuse, Game Penalty, Mr/Ms______

b Violations of the Partisan Crowd Rule (Team Competitions) shall be announced in accordance with the following:

• “Code Violation, Partisan Crowd, Warning, (Nation)

• “Code Violation, Partisan Crowd, Point Penalty, (Nation)

c Violations of the Regulations regarding Captains’ Behaviour (Team Competitions) shall be announced in accordance with the following:

• “Unsportsmanlike Conduct, Captain, First Warning, (Nation)

• “Unsportsmanlike Conduct, Captain, Second Warning, (Nation)

• “Unsportsmanlike Conduct, Captain, Removal, (Nation)

d Time Violations resulting from non-compliance with the Unreasonable Delay provisions in the Code, shall be announced in accordance with the following:

• “Time Violation, Warning, Mr/Ms ______

Subsequent delays:

• “Time Violation, Loss of Serve, Mr/Ms______, Second Serve or Score”,


• “Time Violation, Point Penalty, Mr/Ms______

e After a Point Penalty or Game Penalty, announce the new score.

f When a Chair Umpire calls the ITF Supervisor/Referee to decide whether a Code Violation shall constitute a default, he/she should inform the players

and, if necessary the spectators:

• “I am calling the Supervisor/Referee to discuss this Code Violation”.

If the ITF Supervisor/Referee decides to assess a default, it shall be announced in accordance with the following example:

• “Code Violation, Physical Abuse, Default, Mr/Ms ______

g A player cannot appeal to the Chair Umpire for a withdrawal of a Time Violation or Code Violation given to his/her opponent.

h Time Violations and Code Violations shall be announced in English (local language optional addition).

6 Medical Time-Out

a When the Chair Umpire decides to call for the Physiotherapist/Athletic Trainer, he/she shall announce:

• “The Trainer has been called to the court

b When a three (3) minute Medical Time-Out is authorised, the Chair Umpire shall announce:

• “Mr/Ms ______ is now receiving a Medical Time-Out

c To keep the opponent and Trainer advised of the time remaining during the Medical Time-Out, the Chair Umpire shall communicate to them (no public


Two minutes remaining

One minute remaining

Thirty seconds remaining

Treatment complete

d When the time for the Medical Time-Out is over, the player should be given the time necessary to put on socks and shoes before the Chair Umpire shall


• “Time

If there is no play within thirty (30) seconds after calling “Time”, the delay is penalised in accordance with the Point Penalty Schedule.

e If the time-out is taken at a changeover or set break, then the time-out is in addition to the time allowed for that changeover or set break.

f If a player decides to forfeit points/games to be able to receive treatment for cramping, the Chair Umpire shall announce:

• “Mr/Ms _____is requesting immediate medical treatment for cramping. He/She may receive this treatment only on a changeover/set break and

therefore is conceding all points and games up to the next changeover/set break

g Medical Time-Out Procedures for Chair Umpires and Physiotherapists/Athletic Trainers can be found in Appendix C.

7 Electronic Review Systems

a When the Chair Umpire is satisfied that a proper review request has been made, then Chair Umpire shall announce:

• “Mr/Ms _______is challenging the call on the Base Line (give specific line), the ball was called IN/OUT

b Depending on the timing, try to also announce:

• “Mr/Ms______has X challenges remaining” when there is a reduction.

c If the review is not available, announce (after informing the players):

• “Electronic Review is unavailable, the original call of IN/OUT stands


The verbal calls of the on-court officials shall be made loudly and clearly as follows:

1 “Fault

If either the first or second serve bounces outside the service court. Do not call Double fault” after a second serve fault.

2 “Out

If a return hits the ground, a permanent fixture, or other object outside the proper court. Do not call “Outside”, “Over”, “Just Missed” or the like.

3 “Net

If a serve hits the top of the net and goes over the net.

4 “Through

If a ball goes through the net.

5 “Foot Fault

If a player violates Rule 18 of the Rules of Tennis.

6 “Let

If the Chair Umpire determines that a point should be replayed or one serve should be replayed under Rules 22 and 23 of the Rules of Tennis.

7 “Not Up

If a player fails to hit a ball in play on the first bounce.

8 “Foul Shot” or “Touch

If a ball is intentionally struck twice, or struck before it comes over the net, or a player touches the net while the ball is in play, or a ball in play touches a player, or the player or anything that he/she is wearing or carrying touches the opponent’s court (Rule 24 of the Rules of Tennis).

9 “Hindrance

If a player deliberately or involuntarily commits an act which hinders his/her opponent in making a stroke (Rule 26 of the Rules of Tennis).

10 “Wait, please

If an interference or disruption makes it appropriate to delay the beginning of a point or second serve.

11 Overrules/Corrections

Correction, the ball was good” to overrule a clearly incorrect “Out” call. “Out” or “Fault” to overrule a clearly incorrect “Safe” signal.


The hand signals are as follows:

1 “Out” or “Fault”

Arm fully extended sideways pointing in the direction in which the ball was Out” or “Fault”, palm of hand facing the Chair Umpire, fingers extended and


The hand signal must never be used instead of the verbal call. The hand signal is in addition to and secondary to the verbal “Out” or “Fault” call.

2 “Good Ball” or “Safe Signal”

Open hands with palms down discreetly. There is no verbal call for a good ball. The hand signal is used in silence, during a rally and on point-ending shots to

verify that a ball was good (approximately three (3) feet (1 metre) inside the line).

3 “Unsighted”

Hands in front of face below eyes, backs of hands visible to Chair Umpire. The hand signal shows that the Line Umpire is unable to make a call due to his/her

vision for some reason being obscured. There is no verbal call, the hand signal is used in silence.

4 “Net” or “Through”

Arm fully extended upwards at the same time the verbal call “Net” or “Through” is made.

5 “Foot Fault”

Arm fully extended upwards at the same time the verbal call “Foot Fault” is made.

6 “Correction”

Arm fully extended upwards at the same time the verbal call “Correction” is made.

Abstracted from the ITF Duties and Procedures pp16 - 20

Subpages (1): chair_announcements_pdf
Allan Thompson,
Mar 11, 2018, 1:25 PM